Artistic Research describes a particular mode of artistic practice and of knowledge production, in which scholarly research and artistic activity become inextricably intertwined. Questioning the boundaries between art, academia, philosophy and science, artistic research enables the exploration and generation of new modes of thought and sensible experience. In the last two decades, artistic research has gained increasing relevance and visibility as an alternative mode of making art and producing knowledge.
While there is no universally accepted or recognised definition of what is artistic research, one must stress that artistic research is not to be confused with research on the arts, or research on aesthetic matters. Artistic research is not a sub discipline of musicology, art history or philosophy. It is a specific field of activity where practitioners actively engage with and participate in discursive formations emanating from their concrete artistic practice. Artistic research, so I claim, should be done by artists, but by artists with the capacity of infusing research with a particular mode of intensity, coming from the intensive processes they know and use while making art.
Fundamentally transversal to traditional disciplinary boundaries, artistic research enhances different ontologies, developing multiple epistemologies and creating varied modes of presentation and interaction with the world. Artistic research does not necessarily present objects of concluded knowledge but rather insists in unfinished thinking. It triggers sensible processes as interplay between conceptual thinking and physical engagement with things, materialities, and institutions.
[Deleuze & AR]
In the last decade, the philosophies of Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, or the wider field of Post-Deleuzian thinkers have become increasingly relevant to the field of artistic research, acting as a key reference for many artist researchers. Gilles Deleuze’s central claim that philosophy is “the creation of concepts” reverses a whole philosophical tradition that considers knowledge as the discovery, the recognition, or the reminiscence of something prior to our enquiries. Contrary to this view, Deleuze thinks concepts as being invented, constructed, fabricated, as being the result of a process of thinking that generates an event: a singular concept, rigorously situated within a discourse, precisely located in time (in a specific here-and-now), gains a life of its own, which is independent from its origin. Considered in this way, concepts become almost literary characters, having their specific history, moment of birth, development, inflections, and death. This dynamic notion of concepts is profoundly connected with the view that thought always starts with an encounter between something and something else exterior to it. To have a thought is to go outside of oneself, outside of a particular discipline, outside of a given system of coordinates, outside of prevailing images of thought. In this sense, one can say that while there is a definite discipline of philosophy and several definite disciplines in the arts, these disciplines can only productively operate by reaching out beyond themselves. For philosophy, this means an encounter with that which is not philosophy; for the arts, the encounter with that which is not art; for music, with that which is not music (cf. (Somers-Hall 2012, 5). Moreover, as Deleuze and Guattari wrote “even science has a relation with a nonscience that echoes its effects” (Deleuze and Guattari 1994, 217-8). The notion of encounter, and even more precisely, the real event of an encounter (its happening) becomes the core moment of any creative invention.
With our conference series on Deleuze and Artistic Research we aim precisely at exploring such productive encounters between different areas of knowledge and artistic production. Thus, we welcome musicians, artists, philosophers, scientists, scholars and researchers from as varied as possible backgrounds; and we accept presentations in both scholarly and artistic/performative formats.
For the first edition of the conference in 2015, we chose the dark precursor as our leading concept. It is a highly poetic notion, one of Deleuze’s most expressive inventions, a personnage conceptuel that resists a definition, articulating the fundamental disparity of any given intensive system, connecting heterogeneous fields of forces, and having the transductive power of giving shape to several other events, encounters, and concepts. At the same time, the dark precursor establishes a dynamic system of relations, linking differences of intensity to one another. It is the agent, the force, the activator, the operator of a necessary communication between them. Without the continuous tremblings produced by infinite dark precursors, no energy would flow between different series and nothing would be perceptible or apprehensible in the world. Thus, the dark precursor concerns the question of how communication between heterogeneous systems of couplings and resonance occurs without being predetermined.
Where our first conference exposed and reflected the duality and openness inherent in artistic research, aberrant nuptials is its natural continuation. Quoting Deleuze’s celebrated passage on the wasp and the orchid, our title proposes the relation between art and research as a double-capture, for which Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s Apollo and Daphne is appropriated as an allegory. Passionately chased by Apollo, Daphne tries to escape him through an aberrant (yet well desired) metamorphosis: a becoming-tree that rescues her, even if at the price of losing her human condition. Becoming-non-human, becoming-tree, becoming-bark, becoming-foliage, becoming-branches, becoming-roots are many of the modes through which Daphne becomes herself a zone of indeterminacy, a radicalised body without organs (literally), inaccessible to love, protected from desire. Yet, the wasp and the orchid work together for the fertilisation of other orchids, that is to say: they do labour with a goal and purpose. Apollo and Daphne offer a more extreme form of nuptials, one that completely excludes reproduction, (mis)functioning only through pure flows of desire. They operate a complete deterritorialization of the strata, making it difficult (if not impossible) to think their nuptials in terms of a plane of organisation. They point towards another kind of plane, one that doesn’t follow the arrangement of structures, nor the transformation of structures into other structures, but that makes transversal modes of communication thinkable and materially graspable. It is the nomadic plane “of those who only assemble” (Deleuze and Guattari 1987: 24), looking for an adequate outside with which to assemble in heterogeneity, rather than a world to reproduce. Aberrant nuptials, thus, are assemblages of heteroclite things and codes, building “inconsistent planes of consistency,” planes of “metastable consistency,” that are neither consistent nor inconsistent. Such planes are populated and traversed by “the most disparate of things and signs,” creating unexpected connections, and fostering the emergence of machinic assemblages of desire.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Claire Parnet. 2007. Dialogues II. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. New York: Columbia University Press.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. 1987. A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press.
—. 1994. What is Philosophy? Translated by Hugh Tomlison and Graham Burchell. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lapoujade, David. 2014. Deleuze, les mouvements aberrants. Paris: Les Éditions de minuit.
Somers-Hall, Henry. 2012. “Introduction.” In The Cambridge Companion to Deleuze, edited by Henry Somers-Hall, 1-12. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, James. 2003. Gilles Deleuze’s Difference and Repetition: A Critical Introduction and Guide, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
about the author(s)
Paulo de Assis
Paulo de Assis is Fellow Researcher at the Oprpheus Institute, Ghent and general chair of the DARE conferences. He is an artist-researcher with transdisciplinary interests on Philosophy, French Post-Structuralism, and Epistemology.
He studied Piano with Vitaly Margulis and Alexis Weissenberg (a.o.) and Musicology with Jürg Stenzl and André Richard (a.o.), receiving a PhD and a post-doctoral appointment on the works of Luigi Nono. Commissioned by the Foundation Giorgio Cini (Venice, 2003), he completed Camillo Togni’s Piano concerto—a piece that remained unfinished at the composer’s death.
Between 2009 and 2012 he was Senior Researcher at the Centre for the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music (CESEM) at the University Nova Lisbon and Research Fellow at the Orpheus Research Centre in Music [ORCiM].
For the period 2013-2018 he was granted a European Research Council Starting Grant for the project “Experimentation versus Interpretation: exploring new paths in music performance in the twenty-first century,” hosted at the Orpheus Institute, in Ghent (Belgium). He has authored two books (on the music of Luigi Nono and Camillo Togni) and edited four others (on music notation and on contemporary composers).